学会誌・資料 Journal

日本知財学会誌 第6巻第1号掲載

Intellectual Property and Competitiveness of the firm

米山 茂美
Shigemi Yoneyama

日本知財学会誌 Vol.6 No.1 p.22-29(2009-11-20)
Journal of Intellectual Property Association of Japan Vol.6 No.1 p.22-29(2009-11-20)

<要旨>
製品・事業展開における企業の競争力は,特許などの知財だけでなく,多様な要因の複雑な絡み合いの中から生み出される.知財を企業の競争力に結びつけていく能力のことを「知財力」とすれば,その本質は,特許という「点」の強みを,そうした様々な要因間の関係性からなる「面」の強みに転換していくことにある.本稿では,このような知財力の中身について議論するとともに,企業が知財力を向上させていくための知財部門及び知財人材に求められる要件について検討する.
<Abstract>
Competitiveness of the firm in product and business development is not due to intellectual properties (IPs) like technological patents, but a complex interaction of various factors including them. What is needed for firms to shape competitiveness is not merely the capacity to create excellent IPs, but also the capacity to connect IPs’ advantage to other factors like economic, resource, strategic and relational barriers. In this paper, we call the latter as “strategic IP capability”, and discuss its characteristics and the process in which it leads to firms’ competitiveness in product and business development. We also argue the requirements for IP organizations and staffs to enhance this IP capability.

<キーワード>
参入・模倣障壁,「面」の競争力,競争排他性と競争優位性,知財部門・人材の情報発信力
<Keywords>
Entry/Imitation Barriers, Strength of “Part" and ''Whole”, Competitive Exclusiveness and Competitive Advantage, Information Emitting and Proposing Capacity