学会誌・資料 Journal

日本知財学会誌 第5巻第3号掲載

デジタルコンテンツの流通と知的財産制度の課題
Digital Content’s Fluidity and Problems of Intellectual Property System


尹 宣熙
Yun Sunhee

日本知財学会誌 Vol.5 No.3 p.20-30(2009-2-20)
Journal of Intellectual Property Association of Japan Vol.5 No.3 p.20-30(2009-2-20)

<要旨>
IT 技術の発展や産業・サービスの融合化が進み,コンテンツの流通構造が変化しつつある時代になっている.製作者により製作され流されるのみならず,製作者を通じないで著作者が直接製作から流通に携わることが出来るようになったことはいうまでもない.本稿では,このようなデジタルコンテンツ環境の変化のよる新たな産業類型においてのOSP (On-line Service Provider) の法的責任の問題を中心として韓国の現状を紹介する.
<Abstract>
As the transmission speed of large sized content is getting faster, copyright infringements concerning broadcasting contents have been increasing. If an Internet-user reproduces and distributes the author’s works by OSP without his admission, he trespasses the author’s right.
The liability of OSP is a critical issue in regard to the author’s works distribution. When copyright infringement is concerned, OSP, as a medium for distribution, should be reliable for indirect liability such as aid and abetment. Excessive obligation of care or compensation, vise versa, would result in shrink participation, accordingly, jeopardize the active distribution. The essential part of OSP’s liability is‘notice and takedown’, which is ex post facto remedy for the infringement. These provisions are concerning exemption under the Copyright Act article 102, 103.
Article 104 requires the special type of OSP to apply technological measures to prevent illegal transmission of files on the request of copyright owners. Article 104 requires special types of OSP that are relatively more vulnerable to infringement to design technical measure for the protection of copyrighted works and imposes fine for negligence, however, facing criticisms on its obligatory feature and on violation of technical neutrality.

<キーワード>
オンラインサービス提供者,OSP,技術的保護措置,P2P,ウエーブハード,UCC
<Keywords>
Online Service Provider, OSP, Technical Protection Measures, P2P (Peer to Peer), Webhard, UCC (User Created Contents)