学会誌・資料 Journal

日本知財学会誌 第2巻第1号掲載

大学における知的財産の創出・管理・活用に向けて ―文部科学省の取り組み
Aiming at the Creation, Management, and Application of Intellectual Properties of Universities
― The Measures and Policies of MEXT―


伊藤 学司
Gakuji Ito
日本知財学会誌 Vol.2 No.1 p.71-75(2005-11-20)
Journal of Intellectual Property Association of Japan Vol.2 No.1 p.71-75(2005-11-20)

<要旨>
「知的財産立国」の実現を図るうえで,知の源泉たる大学の果たすべき役割は極めて大きい.大学から生まれる知的財産をしっかりと管理・活用していくため,文部科学省では,知的財産本部の整備や外国特許出願の支援などを行っており,大学の知的財産活動は,いくつかの課題を抱えながらも,各大学の努力により急速かつ大幅に進展している.今後,大学における知財活動がより本格的かつ持続的に展開されるためには,大学の主体的な取組みが不可欠であり,知財活動を通じて研究成果を社会に還元するという観点から,しっかりと各大学の方針の中に位置づけ,積極的に取り組んでいくことが望まれる.
<Summary>
In establishing an intellectual property-based nation, the role of the university, as a source of knowledge, has become extremely important. To manage and utilize the university-born intellectual properties, the Ministry of Education, Sports, Culture, Science and Technology is helping such universities with the setting up of Intellectual Property Departments and the application of overseas patents. And although universities still have several challenges to face, due to the strenuous efforts of each university, their intellectual property activities have improved greatly in terms of quantity and speed. From here on, to implement a full-scale and sustainable intellectual property activity, it is essential that universities promote their activities on their own. From the viewpoint of returning the results of research to society through intellectual property activities, universities must position the activities as their basic principles and act positively.