学会誌・資料 Journal

日本知財学会誌 第2巻第1号掲載

地域イノベーションと地域知財戦略
Regional Innovation and Regional Intellectual Property Strategy


鈴木 直道、林 聖子
Naomichi Suzuki, Seiko Hayashi
日本知財学会誌 Vol.2 No.1 p.55-64(2005-11-20)
Journal of Intellectual Property Association of Japan Vol.2 No.1 p.55-64(2005-11-20)

<要旨>
地域イノベーション創出の背景には,国レベルで産業立地政策と科学技術政策が別々に講じられてきた長い歴史がある.わが国が知財立国を目指している現在,2つの政策は緩やかな連携を図りながら,大学や大企業への産学連携や知財の啓発活動から,地域展開というセカンドステージに入っている.地域振興のための地域における知財戦略とは何かを考え,策定済みの地方公共団体の知財指針・戦略について分析し,地域における知財戦略の課題を抽出し,その解決方策を検討する.地域イノベーション創出のためには,地域の強みを活かしつつ地域イノベーションが創出しやすい土壌作りを行い,地域の産学官の人材らが自らの役割を理解し,ネットワークを構築し,連携や協働することが肝要であり,地域における地域産業振興政策と地域科学技術振興政策との連携強化が重要である.
<Summary>
The Japanese government has, for a long time, employed two separate policies for community-based innovation system promotion: the industry promotion policy and the science and technology policy. Today, as the government aims towards an intellectual property-oriented nation, these two policies are gradually being placed together to setup a new stage in which desirable output is community development, rather than general solicitation of industry-university collaborations and intellectual property awareness. Here, we will first describe what promotional strategies the community should take in the intellectual property area, then analyze the municipal government's current intellectual strategy and guidelines, and finally determine the intellectual property issues that the communities are facing and also discuss their solutions.
In order to realize effective innovation system in a certain community it is quite vital to utilize the strong points of that community for its innovation core, and to promote the self understanding and networking of its members in the local industry, academia, and government which will lead them to collaborate and work together more easily. In short, it is important for the community to align its two different sets of policies, industry-promotion polices and its science and technology-promotion polices, more closely and more effectively.