学会誌・資料 Journal

日本知財学会誌 第13巻第1号掲載

中国における映画・テレビドラマ等の著物に共通する著作権紛争
Common Copyright Disputes in China Film and Television Works


張 雪松
Xuesong Zhang
日本知財学会誌 Vol.13 No.1 p.17-26 (2016-8-20)
Journal of Intellectual Property Association of Japan Vol.13 No.1 p.17-26 (2016-8-20)

<要旨>
近年,中国の裁判所は映像の著作物に関する著作権事件,契約事件および不正当競争紛争事件をつぎつぎと審理し,関連の問題は常に注目され,議論が展開されてきた.映像の著作物に係る知的財産権の紛争の最も複雑な点は映像の著作物の創作過程において生じたものである.これらの紛争は以下の重要な特徴を有している.第一に,法律関係が複雑であること,第二に,事件の事実の認定が難しく,第三に,専門性が高く,第四に,法律の適用が難しいことである.本稿では,脚本委託創作契約紛争,映像の著作物の抄袭纠纷,映像著作物のフェアユースに係る紛争,署名権および同一性保持権の侵害に関する紛争など,もっとも複雑な紛争について分析を行ない,裁判規範を総括した.
<Summary>
In recent years, Chinese courts have heard many disputes involved with copyright, contract and unfair competition in film and television works. Relevant issues have attracted wide attention and debates. The most complicated about IP disputes in film and television works is disputes that arise in the production and creation of such works. Features about these disputes are as follows: 1. The complexity of legal relations; 2. Difficulty in ascertaining facts; 3. Strong professionalism; 4. Difficulty of legal application. This article has concluded the adjudication rules on the analysis of the most complicated cases in contract disputes of screenplay commission creation, plagiarism disputes on film and television works, disputes in reasonable use of film and television works, infringement on rights of authorship, revision and integrity of film and television works.

<キーワード>
映像の著作物,著作権,判例,裁判規範
<Keywords>
Film and Television Works, Copyright, Case, Adjudication Rules