学会誌・資料 Journal

日本知財学会誌 第11巻第2号掲載

営業秘密保護強化のための法制について
A Consideration on Legislation for Strengthening the Enforcement of Laws against Trade Secret Theft


実原 幾雄
Ikuo Jitsuhara
日本知財学会誌 Vol.11 No.2 p.13-23(2014-12-20)
Journal of Intellectual Property Association of Japan Vol.11 No.2 p.13-23(2014-12-20)

<要旨>
「技術立国・知的財産立国」を標榜する我が国あって,イノベーションの創出は最重要課題であり,日本再興戦略のなかで,我が国および我が国経済の生き残りをかけて,政府研究開発投資を対GDP 比の1% にすることを目指すと明言する等,政府の相当の覚悟が明らかにされている.一方で,民間企業が貴重な経営資源を投入して得られた営業秘密等の知的資産の窃取犯罪が規模・質ともに増加・複雑化の一途を辿っており,今後の国費の導入により獲得され貴重な国家財産となっていく知的資産も鑑みると,その防衛と窃取行為抑止は,官民の総力を挙げて取り組むべき大きな課題である.民間の管理強化だけでは限界があり,官民ともに本課題に真正面から向き合うべく,被害からの迅速回復策も視野に,現行の法制を見直し改正のポイントを提案した.当社の抱える係争案件,米国の最近の犯罪摘発事例を取り上げ,日米両国の刑事法制・法執行の差についても一部言及した.
<Summary>
For Japan advocating the cause of technology- and Intellectual Property-driven growing nation, innovation is the key factor. The government of Japan has declared that it should invest 1% of GDP on the government-led R & D programs in its national reinvigoration strategy. On the other hand, the scale and characteristics of crimes regarding theft of intellectual asset which the private industry has gained using precious resources have recently been increasing and complicating. Considering also a future prospect about intellectual asset that would be sure to be gained and comprise major part of the national treasure, defense and deterrence of intellectual asset from misapplication has now become one of the greatest missions born by both the government and private sector. In order for both sectors to complete this mission straight, several proposals for amending the present Unfair Competition Prevention Law are given, overcoming a limitation of intensified administrative approach just on the side of the private sector, with measures for promptly covering a loss caused by misapplication in perspective. A pending case involving our company in Japan and two recent relevant criminal cases in the U.S. are exemplified and variations in criminal legislation and law enforcement scheme are also partially addressed.

<キーワード>
営業秘密,経済スパイ法,不正競争防止法,官民連携,サイバー安全保障
<Keywords>
trade secret, Economic Espionage Act, Unfair Competition Prevention Law, government-private sector partnership, cyber security